Campanula is part of a large family called Campanulaceae of more than 300 species of plant. Its name is derived from the Latin word for bell, hence the common name bellflower.
Colours and shapes
Campanula is a true summer flower. It blooms in white, pink and purple versions, producing small flowers in the shape of a bell. If you are looking to fill your garden or patio with butterflies, then campanula's sweet nectar will do the job of attracting them to the space. The perennial versions of these plants will withstand winter temperatures, meaning you can enjoy the flowers year after year.
The fairy tale character of Rapunzel in the brothers Grimm story was named after the rampion variety of campanula, and its tendancy to grow leaning over the edge of rocky outcrops in the mountains of Northern Italy. There are also bees like the bellflower resin bee that are associated with the plant, in recognition of its work as a source of pollen and nectar. These solitary bees love the sweet treats contained within these flowers.
Campanula is mainly found in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Some well-known varieties are the rampion bellflower of course, plus the Northern European harebell, the nettle-leaved bellflower, and the creeping bellflower. It can be difficult to choose which plant to go for when planning your garden, but the good news is, all the flowers are adorable.